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THE PRINTABLE CRAFTS BLOG

This is the Anni Arts blog dedicated to printable crafts. I want to share my passion with you and pass on tips, ideas, photos and articles for inspiring printables. I will also post articles about other crafts, folk art, design and art, as well as updates on many products that feature the Anni Arts designs.

Thursday, November 25, 2010

TOILE DE JOUY

 
To celebrate my new Reindeer Toile de Jouy and Nordic Braids printables above, I am posting a brief description of Toile de Jouy. Subscribers get a free tag sample plus Free Friday braid labels for Christmas products and Happy Xmas in many languages!
(See the thumbnails of the Freebies below the post)

• The printable crafts login links for free Weekend Wrappers and Free Fridays are only active FROM this blog, but use the same subscriber password.
• Don't miss the free vintage Thanksgiving Weekend Wrappers. Login here
• Don't miss the Free Friday Nordic Braid Labels. Login here
• Get the Reindeer Toile tag freebies here from the Art Mail newsletter. (And the Anni Arts archive freebies)
Not a subscriber yet? Subscribe and then come back and follow the links for the special blog freebies.

This article is a synopsis from the Quilter's Muse Virtual Museum by Patricia Cummings.
Do stop by there for more interesting Toile history and facts http://www.quiltersmuse.com/toile.html 

Toile (pronounced twahl) means "cloth" in French. “Toile de Jouy,” or “toiles de Jouy,” are terms that refer to fabric that was first manufactured at a factory in Jouy-en-Josas, a village located southwest of Paris, near Versailles. Founded in 1760 by German-born Christophe-Philippe Oberkampf, (1738-1815), a textile entrepreneur, the factory site was chosen primarily because of its proximity to the clear running water of the Bièvre River.


At first, the Oberkampf factory produced only floral designs block printed with wood blocks.


The size of the wood blocks limited the design area, as they were only about 10” large. Each was engraved with a mirror image of the finished design. Printing fabric via a hand-stamping method was a long and tedious process, and it was not long before inventors were seeking other more viable methods.

In 1752, Francis Nixon, of Dublin, Ireland, discovered that engraved copperplates and a cylinder system could transfer designs to cloth. This required less manpower than wood block printing, and was therefore, more cost effective. An added benefit of copperplate printing is that the design area repeat could span up to as much as a yard. The copperplates themselves measured 45" wide. Oberkampf, wanting to stay abreast of new technology, obtained a Swiss machine capable of printing fabric using copper engravings. Drawings produced from copper were more precise and detailed than those produced from carved wood. In 1770, changes in copperplate engraving led to monochromatic printing.


The Oberkampf name quickly became synonymous with the word "toile.” The factory became famous for its monochromatic toiles which were printed in red, blue, or black, on a white or cream background. Even though four other countries produced toile fabric, as well as three other French factories, located in Alsace, Nantes, and Rouen, to this day “toile de Jouy” is the name that remains.


French royalty were among Oberkampf’s strongest supporters who enjoyed it for home decorating. Toile was suitable for bedhangings, draperies, pillows, and slip covers. Cloth of the same design and colorway was used to decorate a whole room.This look, at the time, was considered to be the height of elegance.


When toile fabric was first made in France, idyllic scenes featuring the French countryside were predominant. These motifs showed people at work and at leisure. Hunting scenes, which depicted a favorite pastime of the well-to-do, were favorites.


Pastoral scenes depicted in the toile fabric coincided with the idealistic views of Marie Antoinette who was a fan of the writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In 1783, King Louis XVI proclaimed the Oberkampf factory to be the Manufacture Royale de Jouy.


In addition, thematic depictions related to Roman or Greek mythology were popular because they were pleasing to a well-read audience of well-educated men who had studied the Classics. Architectural motifs of buildings were also in the mix of toile prints.


The Textile Museum in Mulhouse, one of the museums where the designs are preserved, allows access to them so that new toile fabric can be produced.

Get these freebies: two sheets of braid labels and two tags from Reindeer Toile de Jouy and Nordic braids
 



And don't forget wo vintage Thanksgiving wrappers for you from last week's Weekend Wrappers

In the mean time: subscribe and come back to follow the links for some free choc wrappers.

Anni Arts has professionally designed and illustrated printable crafts, templates and graphics specially created for crafters by designer Anneke Lipsanen http://www.anniarts.com//


Don't miss the Weekend Wrapper series free on this blog. Chocolate wrappers from Vintage graphics with many themes for all occasions! Nothing beats a nice choc slab as a quick gift. Start collecting your arsenal of wrappers.
Find unique cardmaking kits, templates, scrapbooking, chocwrappers, wedding stationery, favors and ebooks to download and print. There's a super Anni Arts Printable Crafts Club, Licenses for Home Business Crafters and many Freebies for Art Mail Subscribers too. And if you like the designs, but are not a crafter, there are many ready goods and online scrapbooks to order.
http://www.anniarts.com/



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